Xinjiang's major opening to the outside world is initially formed - improving infrastructure and building an open platform

time:2022-12-09 13:52:06source:chakarski.com author:Hot industry
Xinjiang's major opening to the outside world is initially formed - improving infrastructure and building an open platform

Source: Economic Daily Xinjiang Alashankou Station marshalling yard for the China-Europe freight train. Photo by Chen Gan The staff at the Xinjiang Baketu Entry-Exit Border Inspection Station are guiding vehicles through customs. Photo by Li Kangqiang As the first high-altitude airport in Xinjiang, Taxkorgan Airport has a complex geological environment and harsh weather conditions. On September 7, the airport launched a test activity, setting up virtual inbound and outbound flights to simulate the flight guarantee process. In response to the problems found in the test, Xinjiang Airport Group will optimize and improve one by one to ensure that the airport is officially put into operation before the end of the year. On September 8, at the Wuxi Station in Urumqi, a rail change operation was carried out in full swing, marking the start of the joint centralized maintenance construction between Anbei Station and Wuxi Station of the Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway. As the volume of freight continues to rise, the Xinjiang railway department has timely repaired infrastructure such as lines in the pipeline to provide hardware support for ensuring transportation safety and increasing freight capacity. Between the "three mountains and two basins", the railways are crisscrossed, the highways are staggered, the routes are densely covered, and the constantly improved transportation infrastructure has strongly supported Xinjiang to promote the construction of the core area of ​​the Silk Road Economic Belt. Ma Xingrui, secretary of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Party Committee, said that Xinjiang has continued to deepen reform and opening up, and has made positive progress in the construction of key development and opening platforms. From inland to frontier, from "northwest corner" to "core area". At present, Xinjiang is further taking advantage of its location in the hinterland of the Eurasian continent and connecting two major markets, focusing on the construction of "one port", "two districts" and "port economic belt", and making every effort to promote the development of the core area of ​​the Silk Road Economic Belt. Quality development, to create open inland and open highlands along the border. Optimize the "one port" hub to observe the construction effect of the core area of ​​the Silk Road Economic Belt, including the Urumqi International Land Port Area, which includes functional areas such as the China-Europe Railway Express Assembly Center, Comprehensive Bonded Zone, and Warehousing and Trading Industrial Zone, is an excellent window. On the schematic diagram of the operation route of the China-Europe freight train, the winding lines pass through the hinterland of the Eurasian continent, making the connection between the domestic and international markets more closely. Since the start of construction in 2015, the "collection" capacity of Urumqi International Dry Port Area has been continuously improved. Erken Tuniaz, Chairman of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Government, said that at present, China-Europe freight trains make up more than 50% of the country's transit trains, and the average annual growth rate of departure international trains is nearly 60%. In order to fully release the potential of "consolidation", Urumqi International Dry Port Area innovatively adopts the "consolidation and consolidation" organizational model of China-Europe freight trains. This model "turns the goods into pieces" and can carry out replenishment operations, effectively solving the problems of idle empty containers and high transportation costs caused by the "one stop to the end" of China-Europe trains in the past. Xinjiang optimizes the "one port" open hub, not only studying "how to transport", but also "what to transport", so that China-Europe trains can better drive industrial agglomeration and release spillover effects. On the basis of "collecting goods", Urumqi International Land Port Area actively "builds parks and gathers industries" to promote the transformation of the channel economy into an industrial economy. In the first half of this year, the continuous casting and rolling production line of Zhengwei New Materials Industrial Park with an annual output of 250,000 tons of low-oxygen bright copper rods was put into operation in Urumqi Economic Development Zone. Wang Wenyin, chairman of the board of directors of Zhengwei International Group, said that it will actively open up the copper-based material industry chain in Xinjiang and build a high-end manufacturing industry cluster. At the same time, based on the geographical advantages of Xinjiang, especially the logistics advantages of the Urumqi International Land Port Area, we will expand the markets of neighboring countries and cultivate copper-based materials into an important industrial chain along the “Belt and Road”. In the Urumqi International Dry Port Area, "two promotions" are being realized, namely, enabling project construction with efficient logistics, and promoting the upgrading and upgrading of the logistics industry with project construction. The reporter learned that in the future, Urumqi will focus on cultivating export-oriented enterprises such as textile and clothing, equipment manufacturing, electronic product processing and assembly, and continue to expand the proportion of "Made in Xinjiang" carried by China-Europe trains. Liu Shaohua, full-time deputy director of the Urumqi International Dry Port Area Management Committee, said that in the future, led by digital dry ports, we will continuously improve the functions of international dry ports, build a hub platform for international logistics, trade and supply chain, and form international commodity aggregation, production, display, The development pattern of the transaction. Enhance the function of "two districts" As the capital of the autonomous region, Urumqi plays a leading role in the construction of the core area of ​​the Silk Road economy, but the high-quality development of the core area cannot only be "leading", but also needs more support. Kashgar Economic and Technological Development Zone and Hall The Guos Economic and Technological Development Zone has been given a heavy responsibility. Ma Xingrui emphasized that efforts should be made to promote the high-quality development of the "two regions", implement the special policies granted by the refined countries, and accelerate the construction of characteristic industrial clusters facing Central Asia, West Asia, South Asia and Europe. Since the beginning of this year, Horgos has accelerated the pace of project construction, and realized a batch of construction, construction and reserve batches. On September 10, the local autumn key projects started intensively, with a total of 20 projects and a total investment of 5.1 billion yuan. As of that day, Horgos has 194 projects under construction in the "one district and three parks", with a total investment of 53.9 billion yuan, covering fields such as electronic information, new materials, and equipment manufacturing. Golden September, witness the growth of Horgos jointing. In September 2013, the major initiative of jointly building the "Silk Road Economic Belt" was spread to this border town, and Horgos ushered in a major development opportunity; in September 2014, Horgos was listed as a city; in September 2020, The State Council approved the integration and optimization of the Chinese supporting area of ​​the China-Kazakhstan Khorgos International Border Cooperation Center into the Khorgos Comprehensive Bonded Zone. In the past ten years, the border cities of China and Kazakhstan have achieved magnificent transformation. "We insist on attracting investment as the 'No. 1 project', and promote industrial transformation through project construction." Jialin ·, Deputy Secretary of the Party Working Committee and Deputy Director of the Management Committee of Horgos Economic Development Zone, Mayor of Horgos City Nurhamiti said that Khorgos is seizing the opportunity to accelerate the construction of a new growth pole for high-quality economic development in Xinjiang and an important fulcrum in the core area of ​​the Silk Road Economic Belt. Like Horgos Economic Development Zone, Kashgar Economic Development Zone has maintained double-digit growth in major economic indicators such as fixed asset investment and import and export trade volume over the past 10 years. This development zone located in southern Xinjiang takes advantage of the location advantage of "five ports linking eight countries and connecting Europe and Asia all the way", and continues to expand the breadth and depth of opening up. According to statistics from Kashgar Customs, in the first eight months of this year, driven by the Kashgar Economic and Technological Development Zone, the total value of imports and exports in Kashgar reached 25.84 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 81.5%. Playing the role of ports Xinjiang has a border line of more than 5,700 kilometers, bordering 8 countries, and 17 of the 20 ports are open all year round. Xinjiang proposes to give play to the role of the port economic belt as an opening door, and continue to expand the breadth and depth of its opening to the west. Erken Tuniaz introduced that the construction of the Xinjiang Port Economic Belt has been steadily progressing, and 118 bilateral international transportation roads have been opened, accounting for one-third of the country's total. Operation, the five-in-one interconnection network system of highway, railway, civil aviation, pipeline network and communication has been initially established. In order to promote the development of the port economic belt, Alashankou Customs provides a "one-stop" service for the customs clearance of China-Europe trains, achieving "zero delay" for inspection and "zero delay" for customs clearance. Dong Jianjiang, chief of the Second Section of Alashankou Customs Supervision, told reporters, "We are working with the railway department to promote the digital port system to realize the 'second release' of import trains and the 'fast release' of export trains, and strive to improve the speed of development with the speed and temperature of service. heat". In the long run, the port economic belt will move towards high-quality development, focusing on promoting the transformation of the channel economy to the industrial economy. The Bortala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, where Alashankou is located, implements the strategy of strengthening the port state and insists on developing the real economy as its focus. Up to now, more than 550 enterprises have settled in the Alashankou Comprehensive Bonded Zone, which has initially formed five major industrial sectors: intensive processing of agricultural and livestock products, textile and medical materials, non-ferrous metal trading and processing, equipment manufacturing, and cross-border e-commerce. "The enterprise enjoys preferential policies such as bonded processing, equipment tax rebate, and by-product tax exemption. The development momentum has been good in the past two years. It plans to expand production next year. It is expected to achieve sales revenue of 600 million yuan after reaching production." Alashankou Jinmu Biotechnology Co., Ltd. settled down Comprehensive protection zone, engaged in the deep processing of grain, oil and feed. Facing the future, Fu Chen, director of the company's processing plant, said: "We are located at the 'connection point' of the two domestic markets, and we have the conditions to have more confidence to continue to make the company better and stronger." (Economic Daily reporter Qiao Wenhui and Geng Dandan)
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